In Iraq, there is a civil war taking place between Shia Muslims leading the central government on one side and ISIS on the other. Fourteen years since the American led invasion of Iraq, the country continues to be embroiled in a civil war that has killed over nearly 300,000 people, mostly civilians. Caught in between the fight are scores of innocent civilians. Even as a significant portion of the global effort to fight ISIS in Iraq and other places focuses on defeating the terror group, it will likely rebalance its resources in areas where grievances between warring sects remains deep. Therefore, any effort to defeat ISIS and its global terror campaign will require resolving the conflict Iraq.